Ethiopia’s constitution provides for an ethnic-based federal system of government.
Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s Prosperity Party dominated the 2021 general
election, winning more than 96 percent of the 468 seats up for election in the
House of Peoples’ Representatives, and formed a government. Voting for the 79
remaining seats representing other constituencies, including the entire Tigray
Region, remained postponed indefinitely. The elections took place against a
backdrop of instability, including interethnic and intercommunal violence, and an
electoral process that was not free or fair for all citizens, although observers
assessed the result generally reflected the will of most citizens.
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